What is a Fair International Society ? International Law Between Development and Recognition

E. Tourme Jouannet, What is a Fair International Society ? International Law Between Development and Recognition, Cambridge UP, 2013

Table of contents

Introduction 1

Part I: International Law and Development: An Equitable International Society? 5

1 Classical International Law and Development 8

I The Development Paradigm 8

A The Development Era 9

B Disagreements over Development. Theories of ‘Underdevelopment’ 14

II The Emergence and Evolution of International Development Law – NIEO 17

A Classical International Development Law 17

B The Third World: A Reformist Project for the World 19

C The New International Economic Order (NIEO) 23

III Ultraliberal Reaction and the Impact of Economic Globalisation 28

A The NIEO Abandoned and the Neoliberal Model Triumphant 29

B Law Devalued and the Human Ends of Economics Overlooked 33

2 The New International Development Law 37

I The Human Ends of Development 38

A Human Development 38

B Human Rights and Development: Two Converging Objectives 40

C States’ Responsibility for Inadequate Development of their Populations 43

D The Right to Development 45

E Social Development 48

F Good Governance: Democracy and Human Rights 49

G The Contemporary Dominance of the Liberal Model 52

II Sustainable Development 53

A A New Development Paradigm? 54

B The Law Relating to Sustainable Development 57

III The Fight Against Poverty 61

A The Contemporary Turning Point 61

B Contribution and Limits 62

3 An Appraisal 66

I The Practices of Classical and New International Development Law 67

A Classical International Development Law 67

B New International Development Law 70

II The Fight Against Poverty 76

III General Appraisal: International Development Law and International Economic Law 78

4 Prospects and Alternatives 81

I Solutions Relating to the Existing Legal and Economic Order 82

A Solution One 82

B Solution Two 84

C Solution Three 85

II The Possible Implementation of a New Economic Order? 91

III The Principle of Equality in Question: From Formal Equality to Equity 95

IV Conclusion 99

Part II: International Law and Recogition: A Decent International Society? 101

5 The Evolution of Recognition Internationally 104

I From the International Law of Civilised Nations to Postcolonial International Law 104

A The International Law of Civilised Nations 105

B Postcolonial International Law 110

C The Limits of the Process of Recognition 111

II Cultures and Identities During and After the Cold War 113

A During the Cold War 113

B After the Cold War 117

III International Law and Recognition 119

A A New Paradigm 119

B A New Body of Law 122

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